Tomatoes are one of the flagship products on our plates, especially in summer. It is the second most consumed cooking ingredient in the world after the potato. And for good reason, its low calorie content, its refreshing side and its beautiful red color have something to seduce. Thus, it is not uncommon for a piece of tomato to escape from our salads or sandwiches and leave it to our dog, while thinking that it will not hurt him. Think again !
A poisonous plant
First of all, you should know that the tomato is not a vegetable, but a fruit. Indeed, the tomato is the result of the transformation of a flower and contains the seeds of the plant, which is the very definition of a fruit in botany. In fact all vegetables are fruits. Simply, the term “vegetables” was coined for cooking in order to differentiate foods that were cooked salty from sweet foods.
However, it is precisely this plant which is particularly toxic to dogs. Indeed, tomato plants as well as green tomatoes contain solatine and tomatine, which are very harmful to our doggies.
Once the tomatoes are ripe, these two substances remain in the fruit in very minute amounts. So, if your dog eats a slice of tomato, this should not affect him too much as mild stomach pain. On the other hand, if he eats a whole one, the risk of poisoning is immediately greater and the consequences can be disastrous on his digestive system, his nervous system or his kidneys. It is therefore better to ban the tomato as well as the tomato plant from its diet and prefer to give it other “vegetables”, such as zucchini.
Symptoms of tomato poisoning
If you have caught your dog nibble on tomato leaves in your garden, take him to the vet immediately. Indeed, the concentration of toxic substances in the plant is such that it can be fatal for your faithful companion. The symptoms that can then appear are:
- Stomach ache.
- Breathing difficulties.
- Dilated pupils.
- An increased heart rate.
- Lack of coordination.