Canine diabetes occurs, just like in humans, because the the dog’s pancreas does not produce the necessary insulin for the proper functioning of the body. A failure that causes the cells to not be able to absorb the necessary glucose, which is why there are very high levels of this component in the blood.
In dogs there are two main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent) and type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent).
Causes of diabetes in dogs
Now you are surely wondering why these failures occur in the organism of our dogs. And there are many possible causes of diabetes in dogs:
- Obesity. It is one of the main causes of diabetes. Hence, there are a greater number of city dogs affected by diabetes.
- Genetic factors. There are dogs that have a genetic predisposition to develop the disease. Among the breeds most prone to diabetes are the Poodle, Alaskan Malamute, Golden Retriever, Doberman, Miniature Pinscher, and Beagle.
- Sedentary. It is shown that lIn the absence of physical activity in dogs, it favors the development of the body’s resistance to insulin.
- Sex. Male dogs are more sensitive to insulin, which makes them more prone to diabetes.
- Age. The older our furry friend, the more likely they are to have diabetes. 7 years are indicated as the age at which this risk begins to increase.
Symptoms and Diagnosis: How do I know that my dog has diabetes?
Canine diabetes It has a fairly defined symptomatology that will help you detect the disease in time. The most important thing is that you go to the vet right away if your dog has the following symptoms:
- Increased water consumption (polyuria).
- Increased frequency and quantity of urination (polydipsia).
- Increased appetite (polyphagia), often without noticing weight gain.
- Loss of body weight. A direct consequence of the incorrect assimilation of glucose.
- Tiredness, weakness and apathy.
- Sensitive limbs.
- Swollen abdomen
- Blindness or the appearance of cataracts.
- Changes in the coat.
- Slow wound healing.
- Vomiting, seizures, diarrhea, or hepatomegaly.
Faced with any of these symptoms, your vet will recommend diagnostic tests to ensure that it is really diabetes. Generally, it begins with a analytical tests to check the level of glycemia in the blood and the presence of ketone bodies in the urine.
In addition, your vet will recommend other tests that will provide more information about the origins and development of diabetes in your pet. For example, to check if the dog is dehydrated, if it has liver damage or if it has a urinary infection or pancreatitis.
How to treat diabetes in dogs and tips for caring for a dog with diabetes
If your furry is finally diagnosed with diabetes, don’t worry. Although it is a disease that cannot be cured, you just have to follow the treatment and the recommendations of the vet and your best friend will have a calm, healthy and happy life.
The usual procedure for treat diabetes in dogs It has three basic points: the administration of personalized doses of insulin, the change in the eating habits and the physical exercise.
Our veterinarian will calculate the correct dose of insulin to administer to our dog depending on its weight and physical conditions. In the case of type 1 diabetes, not being able to produce insulin due to the damage to the beta cells, it will be a treatment for life. In addition, the administration of insulin will be done depending on the phase of treatment: diagnosis or crisis and maintenance.
For the treatment to have the expected results, it is essential that you take into account all the veterinarian’s recommendations, including:
- It is better that you administer insulin to your furry combined with food.
- Control the amount of food you eat well.
- Take care of the intensity of your dog’s physical activity. Better to avoid high intensity activities because they can cause hypoglycemia.
- Prioritize their sterilization. Remember that hormonal changes can affect the effect of insulin in the body and the level of glucose.
- Learn how to measure your glucose level at home.
- Carry out systematic blood and urine checks.
How Natural Nutrition Helps Dogs With Diabetes
For the treatment of diabetes to be successful, it is essential to take care of our dog’s diet. Diet is one of the elements that most affects the insulin production process or the body’s resistance to it.
Maintaining a balanced diet adapted to the physical characteristics of our faithful friend is essential to reduce the amount of insulin that we have to administer and even increases the chances of remission of the disease.
Therefore, it is very important to choose foods that promote fat loss while helping to preserve muscle mass. It is very important that they meet the following basic points:
- That they provide an adequate energy intake.
- High protein content.
- Low in fat.
Our product line Knatur It is natural food for dogs. And they are products that, due to their composition, can be perfectly adapted to the needs of dogs suffering from diabetes. They are natural foods made with meat or fish, rice, fruit and vegetables, and made with a careful cooking method that helps preserve the flavor and nutrients of the ingredients. They contain an optimal ratio between protein and fat that facilitates the digestion and assimilation of all its nutrients.
We must emphasize that Knatur does not have a specific formulation for dogs with diabetes, but it is suitable for them thanks to its natural composition, in addition to complying with the 3 basic points mentioned above (Mainly our two varieties of chicken and chicken with lamb). For this reason, our best recommendation is that you consult your veterinarian first, to confirm what type of diet your dog with diabetes can take and what is his best option.
The diabetes in dogs It is a fairly common disease that has various causes, especially related to the dog’s diet and lifestyle. A quick diagnosis, treatment and the correct advice from a veterinarian will help you create new habits and routines that will allow your furry dog to enjoy a happy and healthy life. Remember that it is very important to take maximum care of your diet. To do this, bet on natural foods, such as our range of Knatur products, and contact your trusted veterinarian if you believe that your dog may suffer from a disease such as diabetes.